Reading Comprehension 1

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow

 The happy man is the man who lives objectively, who has free affections and wide interests, who secures his happiness through these interests and affections and through the fact that they, in turn, make him an entity of interest and fondness to many others. To be the recipient of affection is a potent cause of happiness, but the man who demands affection is not the man upon whom it is bestowed. The man who receives liking is, speaking generally, the man who gives it. But it is useless to attempt to give it as a calculation, in the way in which one might lend money at interest, for a calculated affection is not honest and is not felt to be so by the beneficiary. What then can a man do who is doomed because he is enclosed in self? So long as he continues to think about the causes of his unhappiness, he continues to be self-centred and therefore does not get outside it. It must be of genuine interest, not by simulated interests adopted merely as a medicine. Although this difficulty is real, there is never the less much that he can do if he has rightly diagnosed his trouble. If for instance, his woe is due to a sense of depravity, conscious or unconscious, he can first influence his conscious mind that he has no reason to feel sinful, and then proceed, to plant this rational conviction in his unconscious mind, concerning himself meanwhile with some more or less neutral activity. If he prospers in dismissing the sense of immorality, it is possible that genuine unbiased interests will arise spontaneously. If his trouble is self-pity, he can deal with it in the same manner after first persuading himself that there is nothing extraordinarily unfortunate in his circumstances. If fright is his worry, let him drill exercises designed to give bravery. Courage has been recognized from time immemorial as an important virtue, and a great part of the training of boys and young men has been devoted to producing a type of character capable of fearlessness in battle. But moral courage and intellectual courage have been much less studied. They also, however, have their technique. Admit to yourself every day at least one painful truth, you will find it quite useful. Teach yourself to feel that life would still be worth living even if you were not, as of course, you are, immeasurably superior to all your friends in virtue and in intelligence. Exercises of this kind protracted through numerous years will, at last, enable doing, might free you from the empire of fear on a very large scale.​​

Q:

Who according to the passage is the happy man?

  1. Who is encased in self
  2. Who has free affection and wide interests
  3. Who is free from worldly passions
  4. Who has externally centred passions
  5. None of these
Level: Easy

Option B
“The happy man is the man who lives objectively, who has free affections and wide interests”

Q:

Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE in the context of the passage?

  1. The happy man has wide interests.
  2. Courage has been recognized as an important virtue.
  3. Unhappy man is encased in self.
  4. A man who agonizes from the sense of immorality must tell himself that he has no purpose to be sinful.
  5. Issue of intellectual courage has been extensively studied.
Level: Medium

Option E
If fright is his worry, let him drill exercises designed to give bravery. Courage has been recognized from time immemorial as an important virtue, and a great part of the training of boys and young men has been devoted to producing a type of character capable of fearlessness in battle. But moral courage and intellectual courage have been much less studied.
This line suggests that issue of intellectual courage has not been extensively studied. Therefore Statement E is not true according to the context of the passage.

Q:

Which of the following virtues, according to the passage, has been recognized for long as an important virtue?

  1. Patriotism
  2. Sacrifice
  3. Courage
  4. timid
  5. None of these
Level: Easy

Option C
Courage has been recognized from time immemorial as an important virtue

Q:

Which of the following words is SIMILAR in the meaning of the word ‘bestowed’ as used in the passage?

  1. Conferred
  2. Accommodated
  3. Trusted
  4. Withdrawn
  5. Directed
Level: Easy

Option A
Bestow means “to grant or confer”
Accommodate:”providing sufficient space/lodge
Trust: to believe
Withdrawn: removed
Directed: pointed/conducted

Q:

Which of the following, according to the passage, has not been studied much?

  1. Feeling of guilt and self-pity
  2. The state of mind of an unhappy man
  3. How to get absorbed in other interests
  4. Moral and intellectual courage
  5. None of these
Level: Medium

Option D

If fright is his worry, let him drill exercises designed to give bravery. Courage has been recognized from time immemorial as an important virtue, and a great part of the training of boys and young men has been devoted to producing a type of character capable of fearlessness in battle. But moral courage and intellectual courage have been much less studied. 
This line suggests that issue of intellectual courage has not been extensively studied. Therefore Statement E is not true according to the context of the passage.

Q:

What should a man do who is suffering from the feeling of self-pity

  1. He should control his passions and emotions.
  2. He should persuade himself that everything is alright in his circumstances.
  3. He should seek affection from others.
  4. He should develop a feeling of fearlessness.
  5. He should consult an expert to diagnose his trouble.
Level: Medium

Option B

If his trouble is self-pity, he can deal with it in the same manner after first persuading himself that there is nothing extraordinarily unfortunate in his circumstances.

Q:

If a man is suffering from a sense of sin,

  1. He should invite opinion of others
  2. He should confess his immorality at once
  3. He should wilfully understand that he has no purpose to feel evil
  4. He should develop a fearless character
  5. He should develop an internal focus of control
Level: Medium

Option C

If for instance, his woe is due to a sense of depravity, conscious or unconscious, he can first influence his conscious mind that he has no reason to feel sinful, and then proceed

Q:

According to the passage, calculated affection

  1. appears to be false and fabricated
  2. makes other person to love you
  3. turns into permanent affection over a period of time
  4. leads to self-pity
  5. gives a feeling of courage
Level: Medium

Option A
“But it is useless to attempt to give it as a calculation, in the way in which one might lend money at interest, for a calculated affection is not honest and is not felt to be so by the beneficiary.” Thus it suggests that calculated affection is false.

Q:

What happens when you think about the cause of your unhappiness?

  1. You try to introspect and look critically at yourself.
  2. You realize that life can be lived in different ways.
  3. You try to practice exercise designed to give coverage.
  4. You remain a self-centred person.
  5. None of these
Level: Medium

Option D

So long as he continues to think about the causes of his unhappiness, he continues to be self-centred and therefore does not get outside it.

Q:

Which of the following statements is TRUE in the context of the passage?

  1. All passions stem from unhappiness.
  2. The happy man lives subjectively.
  3. Any virtue has a dark side also.
  4. Ones feel happy if one receives affection.
  5. Any affection is always genuine.
Level: Medium

Option D

All the statements given in the options, except D, are contrary to the ideas given in the passage. Only D supports the statement  “ To be the recipient of affection is a potent cause of happiness

 

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