Phrase Replacement

Q:

In abandoning the Paris Agreement on climate change, U.S. President Donald Trump has chosen to adopt a backward looking course on one of the most important issues facing humanity.

  1. was choosing to adopt
  2. is chosen to adapt
  3. has chosen to adept
  4. has chosen to adopt
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option d

Explanation: Adopt means take up, whereas adapt means accommodation and Adept means expert. Therefore, in the given sentence Adopt is correct form.
Another example: One should not adopt unfair means to secure good marks.

Q:

The number of elephants, tiger, and wolves, which play an important role in the ecosystem for its large biomass, is dwindling.

  1. their large biomass, are dwindling
  2. their large biomass, is dwindling
  3. their large biomass, is dwindled
  4. its large biomass, are dwindling
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option b

Explanation: If the subject is ‘the number of’, the singular verb is used. In addition, which denotes the elephants, tiger, and wolves so ‘their’ is correct.
Another example: The number of students is very large.

Q:

For me, journey by air is more preferable than that by train.

  1. is much more preferable than
  2. is preferable to
  3. is preferable than
  4. is prefer than
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option b

Explanation: Adjective preferable is always followed by to instead of than.
Another example: Lemon juice is preferable to tea.

Q:

According to experts, the danger for EVM manipulation was not only its software but also the hardware, which can easily be replaced either in parts or as the entire unit.

  1. for EVM is not only manipulate
  2. for EVM manipulates not only
  3. for not only EVM manipulation is
  4. for EVM manipulation is not only
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option d

Explanation: The expression ‘not only’ must be placed before the right word, otherwise the meaning changes. In addition, the sentence is in present tense.
Another example: Not only did he help her, but also dropped her home safely.

Q:

The government has come forward with comprehensive guidelines and certain concrete rules and regulations aiming at improving the quality of school education.

  1. aimed on improving
  2. aimed at improve
  3. aimed at improving
  4. aim at improving
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option c

Explanation: A preposition is always followed by a gerund (verb +ing). If we want to use a verb after a preposition, it must be a gerund.
Another example: She is good at swimming.

Q:

India and China, whose per capita GHG footprint is far lower than the US, has affirmed their commitment to the Paris agreement.

  1. have affirmed their commitment to
  2. have affirmed its commitment to
  3. has affirming their commitment to
  4. had affirmed their commitment to
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option a

Explanation: The two subjects joined by, ‘and’ also their commitment refers to India and China’s commitment, so have is the correct form.
Another Example: Bread and butter are sold here.

Q:

Having spent her childhood in Kolkata, she has developed her ability to converse in Bengali rather good.

  1. rather better
  2. fairly well
  3. rather well
  4. good rather
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

 option b

Explanation: Rather is used before the adjectives used in bad sense and fairly is used in good sense.
Another example: Raghu is rather hopeless.

Q:

As far as good schooling is concerned, none more than a few privileged people can afford it for their children.

  1. none but few
  2. none except little
  3. no more than few
  4. none except a few
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option d

Explanation: Few is used for number and little is used for quantity. A few means not many (some) and few means hardly anyone. Therefore, a few is the correct form.
Another example: I requested him to bring me a few storybooks.

Q:

The entire amount of black money had come into the banking system through demonetization and every rupee is being verified whether it is black or white.

  1. Was come into
  2. has come with
  3. has come into
  4. is coming in
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option c

Explanation: The sentence is in present form so ‘has’ is correct form. In addition, ‘into’ shows movement and entrance.

Another Example – The student come into the classroom.

Q:

Whenever my students come across new words, I ask them to look for them in the dictionary.

  1. to look after them
  2. to look at them
  3. to look them up
  4. to look into them
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option c 

Explanation: Look up mean consult some book for a word, whereas look at, look after and look into mean see carefully, take care of and investigate respectively. Therefore, the correct form is look up.
Another example: Please look up this word in the dictionary. 

Q:

A true soldier is always preparing to lie down his life for the sake of the nation.

  1. Preparing to be lay by
  2. prepared to lay down
  3. prepared to be laying
  4. prepared to lie down
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option b 

Explanation: Lay down means to sacrifice. Lay by means save money. Lie down means to move into a position Therefore lay down is correct form.
Another example: The thief laid down his gun and surrendered.

Q:

The main business of the Parliament is to deal with matters pertained with the Legislature.

  1. pertained to
  2. pertain to
  3. pertaining with
  4. pertaining to
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

 option d 

Explanation: the sentence is in present continuous form so the correct form is ‘pertaining to’.
Another example: All this documents pertaining to the lawsuit.

Q:

Either the principal or his colleagues has submitted their resignation. 

  1. has submitted his resignation
  2. have submitted his resignation
  3. is submitted his resignation
  4. have submitted their resignation
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option d 

Explanation: When two or more subjects are connected by ‘either – or’ the verb is according to the nearest subject.
Another example: Either her father or her sisters have to attend the meeting.

Q:

Children who have had a good pre-school education are most likely to out-do other children at school.

  1. have had good pre-school
  2. have had a bad pre-school
  3. had a good pre-school
  4. have had a better pre-school
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option e 

Explanation: Here good pre-school education is used as idiomatic phrase. Use a before good.
Another example: He is a very good person.

Q:

Whom do you think I was talking over the phone when you come to see me?

  1. Who do you think I was talking over
  2. Whom do you think I was talking
  3. Who do you think I was talking to
  4. Who do you think I was talking with
  5. No correction required
Level: Medium

option c 

Explanation: Who is used for subject, and whom is used for object. Therefore In this sentence whom is correct form.
Another example: whom are you playing with?

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